Topic #772 to #776: Falling fuels in the world, elections  using and abusing social networks to understand the succession in PE, the nuclear threat called Zaporizhia and the electoral exploitation of faith

Topic #772 to #776: Falling fuels in the world, elections using and abusing social networks to understand the succession in PE, the nuclear threat called Zaporizhia and the electoral exploitation of faith

The theme will be published Monday through Friday and presented by Renata Lo Prete. Take the opportunity to listen to all the episodes from the past week:

#772: Falling fuels around the world

For the first time since February, when war broke out in Ukraine, a gallon of gasoline was less than $4 in the US. Internal measures, but above all the drop in the value of oil on the international markets reflected the barrel from 120 US dollars to under 100 US dollars within a few weeks. The bending of the price curve of derivatives, which is also a reality in Europe and Brazil, has as a background “the slowdown in the economy around the world,” says Armando Castelar Pinheiro, researcher at FGVIBRE and professor at the Federal University of Rio de Jan . January. In conversation with Renata Lo Prete, he analyzes the weight of China and its gigantic lockdowns to contain Covid outbreaks in the context of the threat of a global recession. And it’s about Brazil, where the fuel equation currently includes “the appreciation of the real against the dollar” alongside politicalelectionrelated factors. Last week, Petrobras announced a new cut in the price of diesel for refineries.

No. 773: Elections use and abuse in social networks

The campaign officially began Tuesday, the same date the Supreme Electoral Court changed command. Now under the presidency of Minister Alexandre de Moraes, the TSE wants to use the traumatic experience of 2018 to curb disinformation. To this end, it has entered into agreements with various platforms. However, given the abundance of content and the resistance of companies, the best we can do is “dry the ice”, says Pablo Ortellado, coordinator of the Monitor of Political Debate in the Digital Environment and Professor at USP. Speaking to Renata Lo Prete, the O Globo newspaper columnist reflects that there have always been attacks between candidates. The big news is one of them offensive against the rules of the game. “Most worrying are the attacks on the electoral system,” he says. The dispute between Lula (PT) and Bolsonaro (PL) in the networks is less about the individual number of followers and more about the size of the army of influencers who are at the service of everyone, the researcher assesses. He also lists the platforms most concerned about the potential for spreading fake news: WhatsApp (difficulty tracking messages), Facebook (poorly invested in transparency), and YouTube (still weak commitment to removing misleading content). ).

#774: To understand the succession in Pernambuco

Among several traditional surnames of local politics, Marília Arraes (Solidariedade), granddaughter of a former governor (Miguel Arraes) and cousin of another (Eduardo Campos), stands out in leadership. “She was the first dissident of the group” that came to power in 2007 with Eduardo, explains Gerson Camarotti, commentator and columnist for TV Globo in this episode g1. While the federal MP scores 33% in the recently released IPEC poll, her main opponents range from 11% to 6%. Appearing in descending order are former Mayor of Caruaru Raquel Lyra (PSDB), former Mayor of Jaboatão Anderson Ferreira (PL), former Mayor of Petrolina Miguel Coelho (União Brasil) and Federal MP Danilo Cabral (PSB) the latter a fellow believer and current governor’s candidate Paulo Câmara in alliance with the PT. Invited by Renata Lo Prete to analyze the dispute in the state of his birth and the beginning of his journalistic career, Camarotti measures the attrition and the chances of reaction of the political heirs of the Campos de Planalto, who died in a plane crash, in 2014. In a square, in With Lula (PT) today more than 40 points ahead of Jair Bolsonaro (PL), the former president is “the big voter” and behaves pragmatically: formally supports Cabral but allows the former PT to put your name to the campaign use.

#775: The nuclear threat called Zaporizhia

Already in the first days of the invasion, Russia took over the complex, which accounts for 20% of Ukraine’s electricity supply. Months of silence passed until August when the bombings began around Europe’s largest nuclear power plant, reliving the trauma of the explosion of one of the Chernobyl reactors in 1986, a disaster that claimed tens of thousands of lives and impacted the environment over the Continent. In a conversation with Renata Lo Prete, Professor Vitélio Brustolin of the Fluminense Federal University highlights the novelty of what Vladimir Putin did in March: “It is the first time that a nuclear power plant has been occupied and militarized by an invading force”. And he says the situation may turn out to be even more serious now: attacking such a facility “is a war crime.” Hence the exchange of accusations between governments. Moscow denies responsibility and says it has no reason to attack a facility under its control. While Kyiv claims that “by shooting from there, Russia makes it impossible for Russia to retaliate,” explains Brustolin. For the Harvard researcher, the United Nations can do little conditions.” He says. This Thursday, SecretaryGeneral Antonio Guterres will travel to the Ukrainian city of Lviv, but nothing has been agreed on an independent inspection of the vulnerable site.

No. 776: The Elective Exploitation of Faith

Jair Bolsonaro’s (PL) campaign is investing heavily in a segment that has supported him by a wide margin in 2018 and in which he says he is still 17 points clear of Lula (PT), who leads the overall picture by 15 points new datafolha. The main spokesperson for messianic rhetoric is Michelle Bolsonaro: in a recent cult, the first lady even said that the Planalto Palace was “consecrated to demons” before her husband came to power. “It is a message with an appeal to God, to the idea of ​​good and evil and to the question of customs,” says journalist Natália Viana, director of Agência Pública, calling for religious intolerance, which can eventually constitute a crime by Renata Lo Prete, the author of the newsletter Xeque na Democracia, analyzes the attempt to portray the chief executive as “an imperfect man through whom God carries out his deeds.” Political scientist Victor Araújo, a scholar of the Evangelical constituency, also participates He analyzes regional snippets of voting intentions to explain both Lula’s broad lead in the Northeast and Bolsonaro’s resilience in states with a significant evangelical population like Rio de Janeiro through religion. University of Zurich (Switzerland), particularly the Pentecostal subgroup, is “more conservative and concerned more about the moral dimension than the economic” when it comes to the vote.

Podcast The Subject is produced by: Mônica Mariotti, Isabel Seta, Lorena Lara, Tiago Aguiar, Gabriel de Campos, Luiz Felipe Silva, Thiago Kaczuroski, Eto Osclighter and Gustavo Honório. Presentation: Renata Lo Prete.