The fragile balance of our planet

The fragile balance of our planet

The fragile balance of our planet

2022-08-12 07:44:32 / [email protected] / Teresa Valenzuela García

Phenomenon of El Niño and La NiñaPhoto: web

When we speak of boy or girl, we are not always referring to young people belonging to early childhood. What it’s about is two cyclic events that can change the climate around the world.

According to sources consulted The name was given to it by some fishermen who noticed that the sea water sometimes reached the coasts of Peru warmer at Christmas time, at the beginning of summer in Peru. They called him El Niño in reference to baby Jesus, but his explanation has nothing to do with religion.

The first official record of the phenomenon was reported in 1892 by Peruvian captain Camilo Carrillo, who noted the periodic existence of a warm ocean current along Peru’s normally cold coasts.

More specifically, it is known that the “El Niño” phenomenon is a climatic event that is generated every a certain number of years due to the warming of the Pacific Ocean. Its impact is noticeable in the north of the Pacific region, in the departments of the Andean region and in those of the Caribbean region. This mass of warm water causes the trade winds to weaken or change direction.

El Niño modifies the normal pattern of weather conditions

It causes floods and landslides that destroy crops, among other things. Due to the fact that “El Niño” changes the normal pattern of meteorological conditions, it causes other climatic changes in which storms, tornadoes and hurricanes are prominent.

El Niño must be evaluated as an environmental problem that causes major climatic changes in the seas, oceans and coastal areas and deteriorates the quality of life for people. The phenomenon is caused by greenhouse gas emissions from human activities that lead to global warming.

As reasons for this fact, they highlight the lack of education that promotes knowledge and awareness of this environmental problem, the exploitation of natural resources, pollution and environmental disasters, the burning of fossil fuels that cause greenhouse gases, among other social factors, economic, industrial , agricultural and ecological.

As a result of the El Niño phenomenon, there is a great loss of biodiversity and ecosystems, an increase in the spread of diseases or epidemics, forest fires and other socio-economic and ecological impacts.

On the contrary, the La Niña phenomenon begins when the trade winds blow very intensely from the west and cause equatorial temperatures to drop. This climatic phenomenon first appeared before the eyes of scientists at the end of 1989.

severe drought.  Photo Mauricio Ramos

What we can expect from this phenomenon is this: increased rainfall in Southeast Asia, in parts of Africa, in Brazil and in Australia where flooding would become common; Increase in the frequency of tropical storms, hurricanes and snowfall that could be historic in the United States, greater droughts in Western America, the Gulf of Mexico and Northeast Africa.

These phenomena constitute a warning sign for our behavior as guests on this planet, as noted by Italian diver Enzo Maiorca: “Until man learns to respect and converse with wildlife, he will never know his true role on this earth.”

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