Quebec lags far behind Ontario in job creation

Quebec lags far behind Ontario in job creation

Of all Canadian provinces, Quebec ended 2022 with the lowest unemployment rate of 4.3%, compared to 5.3% for Canada as a whole and 5.6% for Ontario.

To cheer ! But do François Legault and his two bigwigs in business, Finance Minister Eric Girard and his Super Minister for Economy and Energy Pierre Fitzgibbon, have much to show for themselves? No !

Compared to 2019 before the pandemic, the “performance” of Legault’s economics team in terms of job creation comes only close to that of Doug Ford’s economics team in Ontario.

According to Statistics Canada and Statistics Quebec, nearly 72,600 jobs have been created in Quebec over the past three years. This represents just 12.5% ​​of all jobs created in Canada over those three years.

This is well below the weight of Quebec’s active population in the country, which totals 22.2%.

In the same three-year period, 306,100 jobs were created in Ontario. For example, under the Doug Ford administration, Ontario can boast of having created 52.7% of the 580,900 jobs added in Canada since 2019.

This is 13.3 percentage points more than the weight of the Ontario working population (39.4%) in Canada.

We agree that Ontario has recorded an exceptional performance over the past three years compared to 2019, which is now used as a “benchmark” as a normal year before the start of the 2020 pandemic.

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committed to modesty

I would also urge Messrs Legault, Girard and Fitzgibbon to be modest in praising our low unemployment rate of 4.3%. And especially not compared to Ontario’s 5.6% unemployment rate.

The difference between the two unemployment rates is due to the fact that Quebec’s labor force has increased very little over the past three years compared to Ontario’s labor force.

While Quebec’s labor force grew by 36,500, it exploded in Ontario by 320,800. Ontario accounted for 62.6% of the country’s labor force growth and Quebec for just under 7.1%.

With such weak labor force growth, we understand why Quebec is facing a serious labor shortage crisis!

Where has Quebec created the most jobs over the past three years?

The private is pale

In Québec’s public sector, this sector includes employees from various levels of government and parastatal (federal, provincial, local), crown corporations, etc.

Compared to 2019, Quebec had approximately 98,800 more government employees in 2022.

During the same three-year period, the private sector hired just 36,200 new employees.

While employment in Québec’s public sector grew by 10.5%, the private sector posted a sluggish 1.3% increase.

In these three years, the number of self-employed fell by around 62,400.

Less health jobs!

Last observation and last but not least. The health and social care sector has lost 1,000 jobs since 2019.

I invite François Legault and his Minister of Health, Christian Dubé, to explain to us the pros and cons of this astounding loss of staff in the critical health sector.


activity area : goods sector

Number of jobs in 2022: 921,000

Change compared to 2019: + 35,300

activity area : Primary Sector

Number of jobs in 2022: 101,400

Change compared to 2019: + 4900

activity area : Public service

Number of jobs in 2022: 28,500

Change compared to 2019: + 3100

activity area : construction

Number of jobs in 2022: 294,300

Change compared to 2019: + 27,700

activity area : manufacturing

Number of jobs in 2022: 496,800

Change compared to 2019: – 400

activity area : service sector

Number of jobs in 2022: 3,459,700

Change compared to 2019: + 37,300

activity area : Act

Number of jobs in 2022: 646,700

Change compared to 2019: – 10,700

activity area : Transport and Storage

Number of jobs in 2022: 226,400

Change compared to 2019: – 13,000

activity area : finance and real estate

Number of jobs in 2022: 272,600

Change compared to 2019: + 33,900

activity area : Professional Services

Number of jobs in 2022: 381,500

Change compared to 2019: + 35,500

activity area : business services

Number of jobs in 2022: 166,300

Change compared to 2019: – 11,500

activity area : educational services

Number of jobs in 2022: 344,700

Change compared to 2019: + 44,400

activity area : health care

Number of jobs in 2022: 605 400

Change compared to 2019: – 1000

activity area : Information, culture and leisure

Number of jobs in 2022: 181,600

Change compared to 2019: + 8900

activity area : Accommodation and catering

Number of jobs in 2022: 198,400

Change compared to 2019: – 56,000

activity area : Other Services

Number of jobs in 2022: 163,000

Change compared to 2019: – 17,400

activity area : Public administration

Number of jobs in 2022: 273 100

Change compared to 2019: + 24,200

Sources: Statistics Canada and Statistical Institute of Quebec

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