Ideology, economy, religion, vision of society, political development, attitudes and even the accent. They differ in both of them candidates running for the presidency Brazil. The political projects presented by the outgoing head of state, Jair Bolsonaroand the leader of the Labor Party (PT), Luiz Inácio “Lula” dal Silva, are so distant and antithetical that they have divided the electorate, divided the mood of the country and prevented the construction of possible alternatives. The more than 154 million Brazilians criss-crossing the South American giant’s constituencies are being called upon to choose between two economic models, Politician and Social completely different.
Bolsonaro – Outgoing President Jair Bolsonaro wants to revive it Neoliberal recipe Winner of 2018, she has stressed on many occasions that the impact of her reforms on the economy was not what she had hoped for, only because of that Pandemic and from War. So Bolsonaro is once again talking about favoritism privatizationsloosen the reins more and more marketLimit state intervention in the economy, reduce the tax burdencontinue to reform the legislation of work and de-bureaucratization of the rules to encourage the creation of companies. The only real novelty in 2022 is the Revision of the public spending ceiling: Law introduced by the previous government Michael Temer and golden rule of the neoliberal school that the “new” Bolsonaro would be willing to break in order to keep paying Anti-Inflation Bonus of 600 reals per month (120 euros) to millions of Brazilian families, even after the deadline set for December 2022. On the environmental front, Bolsonaro is riding the denier about the further development of Deforestation of the Amazon, a forest that the president says is “84 percent identical to when the Portuguese arrived” in Brazil. The Amazon continues to be seen as the new Eldorado to explore. Even if this has to mean restricting the protection of ancestral indigenous territories. In the ideological and social sphere, the President reiterated the concepts of “God, fatherland, family and freedom“. These are the ingredients that characterize the ultra-conservative vision associated with the neo-Pentecostal evangelical religion on abortion, opposition to “gender ideology” and support for the traditional family.
lula – For his part, Lula’s new attack on Planalto puts the slogans of his previous governments at the center of the agenda: public investments on infrastructures, protection of wage labour, income redistributionincreasing the social spending and Slowdown in privatizations. Much of Lula’s proposed architecture stems from the need to remove the umbrella of public spending. The former president is committed to a “responsible” spending policy, but denounces it rigidity the rule on the roof as a barrier to investment, also and above all social investment, education, basic support, education. “I’m not afraid of that fault“Said in some speeches the Pt. instance candidate, who is marrying with a renewed bet on public investment: Lula said he will ask the 27 state governors to propose three or four infrastructure projects that the state could accompany with the aim of Creating jobs Public policy must also serve to “enhance national public and private entrepreneurship” by enabling it technological modernity and theinnovationespecially with regard to energy transition. The former trade unionist also announced the establishment of a Ministry of Industry to better coordinate the recovery of the sector. In the social sphere, Lula promises to give new impetus to the Bolsa family (basic income) and new life for strategies to reduce discrimination against Black and Indigenous peoples, particularly in universities. In the environmental field, the President of the PT announced the creation of a Minister of the Amazon and renewal of civil society forums for forest protection. It also promises to fund agencies responsible for fighting crime and preventing forest destruction. there corruptionthe central issue of the previous election campaign, found little place on the agenda of the two candidates, both difficult to handle scandals that shaped his political actions. Little or nothing was said during the election campaign public safety. The issue remains one of the main unanswered demands of Brazilian citizens.
Survey – A few hours after the election rest, all the polls give way Lula ahead with a minimum range of 2.6 percent, estimated by the Institut Paranà Pesquisas, up to a maximum of 17 points recognized by the Institut Ibope. The research, conducted on very small and often unrepresentative samples from all areas of the country, may not provide the right measures of distancing, raising concerns on two opposite fronts and fueling further sentiment. In fact, estimates put former President Lula a step away from that Victory in the first round, a goal the former union leader sees as fundamental. That’s what Lula’s campaign focuses on helpful voice, the call for the undecided and the fight against abstention. On the other hand, Bolsonaro’s campaign focuses on the states most in limbo and on determining the number of voters (San Paolo, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais) to try to close the gap poll.
scenario – The almost ten year old Anti-Corruption Court Campaign against the PT supported by a broad policy of demonization of the Brazilian left, where the President finished first Dilma Rousseff under impeachment and later in the cell with Lula Convictions were later overturned due to procedural and formal flaws, it does not appear to have sufficiently eroded the progressive electoral base. The former trade unionist continues to collect support primarily from poorer groups of the population, including women, youth, Catholics, blacks and aborigines. Likewise the severe criticism leveled at the President for his administration of the Pandemic, fueled by persistent denial, the misogynistic, homophobic, racist operations and anti-environmental exploitation policies in the Amazon have not affected the consensus among males, whites, rich and high schools. Bolsonaro can also rely on the hard core of his most radical constituencyAgriculture to weapon groups. For Lula, the memory of the country’s widespread well-being in its governments from 2002 to 2010, the exit from the world hunger map and the progression of population groups such as the poor, indigenous and black people to whom they are making positive impacts for the first time, is confidential inclusion policy. For Bolsonaro, the recent rapid weighs positively recovery of the economythe victorious battle against theinflation and she encourages employment growth. On this basis, the two candidates have drawn up their electoral programs in a coherent and in many respects paradigmatic way.