Bresse Hen Definition and Explanations Techno Sciencenet

Bresse Hen – Definition and Explanations –


Bresse henhen icon
Poultry Bresse.JPG

“Industrial” Bresse poultry, white variety

Species (In the life sciences, the species (from the Latin “species”, “type”…))Hen (Hen is an ambiguous colloquial name in French. A “hen” is a…) (Gallus gallusDomesticus)
region of origin
regionFrance France
plumagegrey, black, white (white is the color of a body heated to about 5000°C (see…) and blue (blue (from Old High German “blao” = shiny) is one of the three colors…)
Usemeat and egg
egg laying
Weight (weight is gravity, which is of gravitational and inertial origin and is exerted by…) of eggsMinimum. 60g

It is necessary to distinguish two types Bresse poultry :

  • The original Bresse chicken (There are two types of Bresse poultry:), selected according to the standard of the Société centrale d’aviculture de France to participate in national and international exhibitions.
  • Chicken (A chicken is a young fowl, male or female, of the Gallus gallus subspecies…) from Bresse intended for the food industry.

For competitive poultry


In poultry competitions, La Bresse is so called in its defined geographical range. In addition, the legal name is “Bresse-Gauloise”. It is similar to its cousin, the Golden Gauloise, but is distinguished by a drooping crest on the hen. They are both chickens from the Mediterranean type and are characterized by white mumps (mumps or viral parotitis or mumps parotitis is a viral disease in children …), a fine bone structure and a simple and regular comb out (Livorno, Andalusier (the Andalusier is a moth from the family of the Lasiocampidae, …), Menorca (Menorca and on KA Talan; from Latin Balearis Minor) is one of …) …).

It is bred in pure line by breeders and selectors in order to preserve its genetic heritage (genetics (from the Greek genno γεννώ = to give birth) is…) and to improve its overall qualities (The whole, understood as all that exists, is often interpreted as the world or…) by choosing subjects that meet the standard.


Each variety determines the exact origin up to number (The concept of number in linguistics is discussed in the article “Number…”) of four. So have we

  • Blanche, called Bény, was the only one used commercially
  • the black one called Louhans
  • la Grise, known as Bourg (A borough is a large village where there is usually a market. We’re talking…)
  • the blue, now extinct.


  • Mass (The term mass is used to denote two quantities that belong to one…) Ideal: Rooster: 2.5 to 3 kg; Hen: 2 to 2.5 kg
  • Coat of arms: single
  • Mumps: white
  • Color (color is the subjective perception of one or more wave frequencies by the eye…) of the eyes: Black
  • Skin color: white
  • Color of the tarsi: slate gray (slate is a metamorphic rock formed under the strong action of…)
  • Different types of plumage (from the oldest to the youngest): the gray, the black, the white and the blue.
  • Hatching eggs: min. 60g, white shell.
  • Diameter (In a circle or sphere, diameter is a line segment passing through the centre…) of rings: Coq: 18mm; Hen 16mm

The character of the “blue paws” is essential

In professional breeding

There Bresse poultry is a French controlled designation of origin (AOC) that indicates the quality (and origin) of poultry. Annual production is about 1,500,000 chicks per year.


Poultry farming in Bresse is indirectly based on the clayey nature of the Bresse soil, rich in water (water is a ubiquitous chemical compound on earth, vital for everyone…) and therefore particularly suitable for the cultivation (culture is a pangalactic civilization invented by Iain M. Banks through his…) corn (corn (also called corn in Canada) is a tropical plant…). Bresse poultry gets its flavor from roaming freely around the farms and meadows in search of food (scientific research primarily designates all the measures taken to eat…). It is known for its quality.


The specifications (A specification is a document that aims to exhaustively define the basic specifications…) is precise:

    • white feathers;
    • Red comb (The color red responds to different definitions depending on which chromatic system one creates…) (well formed);
    • blue legs (slightly bluish tint);
    • The bird must live 3/4 of its life (life is the name for it) in freedom and outdoors (air is the gas mixture that makes up the earth’s atmosphere. It is odorless and…) (at least 10 m² per bird);
    • Its diet consists mainly of corn.

1690169902 843 Bresse Hen Definition and Explanations Techno Sciencenet

Chicken from “Bresse”.

The three qualities: breed (in zoological nomenclature, breed has a lower taxonomic rank than species…), lifestyle and diet determine the quality of its meat, which is said to be of the highest quality.

We can also identify certain points of detail (but not for purists) that testify to the purity of the breed, for example: A true Bresse chicken must have a completely blue eye, free from marks (TRACE is a NASA space telescope that shows the relationship between…) yellow (there are (at least) five definitions of yellow that mean more or less the same thing…) or white. The “white” breed predominates today, although the black, blue and gray varieties are also representative of the “Gallic Bresse”. The white represents the best ratio in terms of meat and ease of rearing. She was therefore preferred by breeders. However, the black, with its very special appearance, proves to be the best natural laying hen and also guarantees meat that corresponds to what you would expect from a Bresse chicken.

Traditional farms are always small as it is not advisable to keep two roosters on the same farm to avoid conflicts. This type of housing has the advantage of reducing the risk of disease spreading, so these poultry do not need to be treated with antibiotics that increase the water content of the meat. Bresse poultry therefore has firm flesh.

A rooster (The rooster is the adult male representative, mainly of almost several species…) can coexist with about twenty hens, ensuring the production of eggs (on average (The average is a statistical measurement that characterizes the elements of a series of…) slightly less than one egg per day (The day or day is the interval separating sunrise from sunset; it is the…) and per hen in freedom). They are fed twice a day.

Every year (A year is a unit of time expressing the duration between two events of a connected event…) the “Glorieuses” competition is organized in Bourg-en-Bresse, in Louhans, in (Montrevel-en-Bresse) and in Pont-de-Vaux in the month of December (the month (from lat. mensis “month” and formerly in the plural “menses”) is a period…) where growers present their products ready for sale. These are the Glorieuses de Bresse”, referring to the four organizing cities. A jury selects the best specimens. The price of the capon, who received the honorary award, can reach a relatively high price.

Bresse poultry is produced in a relatively limited area (100 km x 40 km) in the departments of Ain, Saône-et-Loire and Jura. The main poultry farming towns in Bresse are Bourg-en-Bresse, Louhans, Pont-de-Vaux and Montrevel-en-Bresse.

  • Diameter of rings: cock: 20 mm; Hen: 18mm


The production of 120,000 bred chicks per year is ensured by around 300 breeders. Farm animals are sold with a controlled designation of origin, just like the Grand Cru wines.

Poultry shall not be slaughtered before a minimum slaughter time and weight:

  • Chickens (four months old and weighing at least 1.2 kg),
  • pullets (five months and 1.8 kg),
  • Capons (eight months and 3 kg),