Ahead of the start of the live program this Tuesday (17th), the BBB 23 attendees created a momentum to talk about their partners. When it was Tina and MC Guimê’s turn, the model complained that the singer was a smoker.
“In less than 24 hours I became a smoker. I’ll listen to your songs, look a little more at your story. I think I’m a little MC already, we combine some flows,” he said while the brothers laughed at their speech.
What are the risks of secondhand smoke?
Despite the joke: It is not only direct contact with cigarettes that causes damage to health. Secondhand smoke can lead to several diseases, such as:
What is it: Inflammation of the bronchi (tubes that carry air to the lungs), making it difficult for air to pass through. In addition to interfering with drug treatment, patients with allergic asthma may be worsened by exposure to cigarettes.
What is it: Unlike acute bronchitis, which is usually caused by viruses, chronic bronchitis is mainly caused by tobacco and also causes inflammation of the bronchi. It is considered COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), a term used to summarize the two main diseases associated with smoking.
What is it: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in which the organ becomes full of holes and damages the alveoli. The lungs also increasingly lose their function. In Brazil, smoking is responsible for 85% of deaths from pulmonary emphysema, according to Inca (National Cancer Institute).
What is it: Second most common malignant tumor in men and women in Brazil. In about 85% of the diagnosed cases, lung cancer is associated with the use of tobacco derivatives.
Exposure to tobacco can also lead to the occurrence of tumors in various body regions such as larynx, esophagus, stomach, pancreas, bladder, kidney, etc.
What is it: Buildup of fatty deposits and other substances in the walls of the arteries of the heart and other parts of the body such as the brain and lower limbs. For example, the growth of these plaques can lead to a complete obstruction of blood flow.
What is it: Interruption of blood flow to the heart. This is caused by fatty deposits building up on the walls of the arteries. According to Inca, passive smokers have about a 30% higher risk of heart attack than a person who is not exposed to cigarette smoke.
Stroke (cerebral vascular accident)
What is it: It occurs when the vessels that supply blood to the brain become blocked or ruptured. It can be ischemic (85% of cases) or hemorrhagic (15% of cases). According to the WHO (World Health Organization), an estimated 20% of stroke cases are related to smoking.
- It is called Tobacco Pollution (ETP) which is a mixture of what comes out after a puff, the smoke released from the tip of the cigarette and also the material already deposited in the environment by other smokers has.
- According to Inca, the smoke that emerges from the end of the cigarette and diffuses into the environment contains, on average, three times more nicotine, three times more carbon monoxide and up to 50 times more carcinogens than the smoke the smoker inhales. . .
- These substances can stay in place for 24 hours or more. Exposure to smoke is enough to increase the risk of disease.
*With information from a report published on 08/01/2020.